A person with diabetes is prone to foot problems. Poor circulation, neuropathy and decreased sensitivity can all lead to problems in the lower extremities, including the foot and toes. Proper foot care is essential for those with diabetes, in order to prevent problems later on in life.
Foot problems commonly occur in people with diabetes. These problems can become serious if they are not cared for. Nerve damage may result in a person not being able to feel cuts, abrasions or ulcers that develop on the foot. Also, when there is damage to the nervous system, a person with diabetes may not be able to produce normal levels of oils and sweat that keep the skin lubricated. Sores may develop easily as the skin becomes more susceptible to breaking down.
Diabetic Foot Care
Treatment at home or by a podiatrist is necessary for people who have been diagnosed with diabetes. The foot is more prone to injury and should be examined daily for problems. Proper examination starts at home and includes:
- A thorough foot examination – daily. If you have trouble looking at the bottom and sides of your feet on a daily basis, it is recommended that you seek care from a podiatrist who is experienced in seeing patients with diabetes. If you suspect an injury or witness an ulcer or wound that is not healing on your foot, seek medical attention right away.
- Keep the nails trimmed. Toenail trimming is essential for diabetic foot care and safety. It is important to trim the nails straight across and file the edges to eliminate any sharp areas. If you are unable to trim your toenails, a podiatrist can help you with this task.
- Keep the paths clear. This means that any obstacles that could cause you to trip in your home or porch need to be removed. Loose cords, lamps, stands and overall clutter should be moved so that you are not at risk of falling or injuring your feet.
- Wear proper shoes and footwear. Footwear includes socks, slippers and shoes. If you wear slippery socks in the house, you may be prone to injury. Rubber bottomed socks are great for offering a no-slip surface while in the home. Roomy shoes that do not rub against the sides of the feet are also recommended for people with diabetes. The friction can contribute to wound development.
- Blood sugar control. Your doctor can help you keep your blood sugar levels under control, which in turn lessen the risk of developing nerve damage. If you have questions about blood sugar and diabetic foot care, see your podiatrist today for a proper assessment.
The Scottsdale Neuropathy Institute can help you achieve pain relief with your diabetic neuropathy. Dr. Richard Jacoby has been a nationally renowned podiatrist in Arizona helping patients achieve pain relief for over 20 years. Patients are seen from all over the Southwest, and treatment is available including conservative options and surgical intervention such as the Dellon decompression. Call (480) 994-5977 for help today.